Archaeological Park of Cuma
Among the many precious Phlegraean archaeological sites, the Cuma Archaeological Park is perhaps the only site that tells the full story of the peoples who succeeded each other in the Phlegraean Fields: from “the Iron Age” to the Middle Ages. Many are used to thinking of Cuma as the first Greek settlement in the area, it’s actually much more. In this corner of land, in fact, they are enclosed much more. Cuma’s story was born much earlier, representing a real lina of time. Strangely, the history of this ancient city from its origins up to about 530 BC has so far been written taking into account only literary sources. Avoiding enunciating things repeated thousands of times, we invite you to know Cuma in its first centuries of life even through archaeology, it will be surprising to discover how reality can be more fascinating than the legend. In a relatively small space, the visit of the archaeological park of Cuma allows you to grasp the becoming of history.The last pre-hellenic tombs discovered were covered for their preservation, being below the sea level were prone to flooding. The exhibits in them are on display in the museum of the Aragonese Castle of Baia. The Greek defensive works of the 6th century BC and the changes in the urban planning of the city are perfectly visible, while the Sannite mausoleums show the ideological novelties of the Campania region civilization. Cuma’s accession to the Roman Republic led to a great economic development, highlighted by the large architectural structures unearthed in recent years. Finally, from the ruins of the various epochs, you can read the byzantine and medieval historical events, including the signs of an unfortunate Saracen occupation of the places.